Socratess elenctic examination method for intellectual enquiry, because its questions threatened their credibility as men of wisdom and virtue. Stone said that Socrates wanted to be sentenced to death, in order to justify his philosophic opposition to the Athenian democracy of that time, and because, as a man, he saw that old age would be an unpleasant time for him. The totalitarian Thirty Tyrants had anointed themselves animal cruelty essay pdf as the elite, and in the minds of his Athenian accusers, Socrates was guilty because he was suspected of introducing oligarchic ideas to them. At trial, the majority of the dikasts (male-citizen jurors chosen by lot) voted to convict him of the two charges; then, consistent with common legal practice, voted to determine his punishment, and agreed to a sentence of death to be executed by Socratess drinking. After that failed suggestion, Socrates then offered to pay a fine of 100 drachmaeone-fifth of his propertywhich largesse testified to his integrity and poverty as a philosopher. In The Indictment of Socrates (392 BC the sophist rhetorician Polycrates (440370) presents the prosecution speech, by Anytus, which condemned Socrates for his political and religious activities in Athens before the year 403. New York: Peter Lang. He then defected back to Athens after successfully persuading the Athenians that Persia would come to their aid against Sparta (though Persia had no intention of doing so). Primary-source accounts of the trial and execution of Socrates are the. (And there are plenty of people who favor retaining the death penalty and even using it more often.).
I need to explain in the thesis how this is a world issue. What a great subject matter. The thesis you create must be in response. Any thesis statement should be determined by what the author really believes.
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(See: Phaedo ) Interpretations of the trial of Socrates edit Ancient edit In the time of the trial of Socrates, the year 399 BC, the city-state of Athens recently had perdured the trials and tribulations of Spartan hegemony, the thirteen-month régime of the Thirty Tyrants. 2 Besides The Clouds, the comic play The Wasps (422 BC) also depicts inter-generational conflict, between an older man and a young man. Athens knew him as an intellectual and moral gadfly of their society. Salter, Predators: Pedophiles, Rapists, And Other Sex Offenders,Basic Books, 2005,pg. It would be easy to say that the death penalty should be abolished because it is cruel and unusual punishment, because it is unfair to minorities, and because it doesn't deter capital offenses. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. This helps make your thesis statement connect to your arguements and or debate. Despite Socrates denying he had any relation with the Sophists, the playwright indicates that Athenians associated the philosophic teachings of Socrates with. I simply don't know. In the event, friends, black power movement essay pdf followers, and students encouraged Socrates to flee Athens, action which the citizens expected; yet, on principle, Socrates refused to flout the law and escape his legal responsibility to Athens. 11 :183 Given the availability of a hospitable host outside of Athens, Socrates, at least in a limited way, chose to remain in Athens. 26 27 In their brief régime, the Spartan oligarchs killed about five per cent of the Athenian population, confiscated much property, and exiled democrats from the city proper; and the fact that Critias, leader of the Thirty Tyrants, had been a pupil of Socrates was.
Xenophon, Hellenica,.3.1516 Aristotle, Athenian Constitution,.1 (350 BC). Martino Fine Books; 2 edition (February 18, 2015) (original. Even if the death penalty as a punishment is not legal, there is still death of human life at work in society.
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